Republic of Ghana, a west African country. Is located in the south Atlantic Ocean. Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso and Togo borders with. Territories, before the colonial period in Ghana Empire in Africa, Ashanti, Fante, such as it was part of the former kingdoms.
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Ghana Empire - Wikipedia
The Ghana Empire c. Complex societies based on trans-Saharan trade with salt and gold had existed in the region since ancient times,  but the introduction of the camel to the western Sahara in the 3rd century CE, opened the way to great changes in the area that became the Ghana Empire. By the time of the Muslim conquest of North Africa in the 7th century the camel had changed the ancient, more irregular trade routes into a trade network running from Morocco to the Niger river. The Ghana Empire grew rich from this increased trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, allowing for larger urban centres to develop. The traffic furthermore encouraged territorial expansion to gain control over the different trade routes. When Ghana's ruling dynasty began remains uncertain. As the empire declined it finally became a vassal of the rising Mali Empire at some point in the 13th century.